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A Profile of Older Americans: 2007

Geographic Distribution

The proportion of older persons in the population varies considerably by state with some states experiencing much greater growth in their older populations (Figures 4 and 5).  In 2006, about half (51.4%) of persons 65+ lived in nine states. California had 3.9 million; Florida 3.0 million; New York 2.5 million; Texas 2.3 million; and Pennsylvania 1.9 million, Illinois, Ohio, Michigan, and New Jersey each had well over 1 million (Figure 6).

Person 65+ constituted approximately 14% or more of the total population in 8 states in 2006 (Figure 6): Florida (16.8%); West Virginia (15.3%); Pennsylvania (15.2%); North Dakota (14.6%); Iowa (14.6%); Maine (14.6); South Dakota (14.2%); and Rhode Island (13.9%).  In ten states, the 65+ population increased by 20% or more between 1996 and 2006 (Figure 6): Nevada (51.0%); Alaska (45.9%); Arizona (34.9%); Utah (28.7%); New Mexico (28.3%); Idaho (25.3%); Georgia (25.1%); Colorado (24.1%); Delaware (23.8%); and South Carolina (23.8%).  The ten jurisdictions with the highest poverty rates for elderly during 2006 were Mississippi (15.7%); the District of Columbia (15.2%); Louisiana (13.9%); Kentucky (13.5%); Tennessee (13.4%); New Mexico (13.0%); Georgia (12.6%); Alabama (12.6%); South Dakota (12.5%); and Texas(12.3%).

Most persons 65+ lived in metropolitan areas in 2006 (79.5%). About 50.1% of older persons lived outside the principal cities, 29.4% lived in principal cities, and 19.5% lived in nonmetropolitan areas.

The elderly are less likely to change residence than other age groups.  From 2005 to 2006 only 4.1% of older persons moved as opposed to 15.1% of the under 65 population.  Most older movers (55.3%) stayed in the same county and 82.5% remained in the same state.  Only 17.5% (of the movers) moved out-of-state.

(Data for this section and for Figures 4-6 were compiled primarily from the Census Population Estimates for 2006 as well as other Internet releases of the U.S. Bureau of the Census including tables from the March 2007 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement and the 2006 American Community survey)


Figure 4: Persons 65+ as a Percentage of Total Population - 2006

Figure 4 is a state map of the US showing the persons over 65 in the population of each state.  This data may be found in the table Figure 6.


Figure 5: Percentage Increase in Population 65+ -- 1996 to 2006

Figure 5 is a US state map showing the perent increase in the older population of each state.  The data may be found in the table in Figure 6.


Figure 6: The 65+ Population by State 2006

Compiled by the Administration on Aging. Population data is from Census Bureau Population Estimates. Poverty data is from the 2006 American Community Survey

Numbers

Number of Persons 65+

Percent of All Ages

Percent Increase from 1996 to 2006

Percent Below Poverty 2006

 US Total (50 States + DC)

 37,260,352

12.4%

10.0%

9.9%

  Alabama

 615,597

13.4%

10.5%

12.6%

  Alaska

  45,630

6.8%

45.9%

4.2%

  Arizona

 790,286

12.8%

34.9%

8.0%

  Arkansas

 390,421

13.9%

7.8%

12.3%

  California

 3,931,514

10.8%

11.8%

8.4%

  Colorado

 477,186

10.0%

24.1%

8.3%

  Connecticut

 470,443

13.4%

0.1%

6.1%

  Delaware

 114,574

13.4%

23.8%

6.9%

  District of Columbia

  71,331

12.3%

-5.5%

15.2%

  Florida

 3,037,704

16.8%

14.3%

10.1%

  Georgia

 912,874

9.7%

25.1%

12.6%

  Hawaii

 179,370

14.0%

17.6%

9.1%

  Idaho

 169,173

11.5%

25.3%

8.7%

  Illinois

 1,534,476

12.0%

3.3%

9.0%

  Indiana

 784,219

12.4%

6.7%

7.8%

  Iowa

 435,657

14.6%

0.7%

8.0%

  Kansas

 357,709

12.9%

1.7%

8.9%

  Kentucky

 537,294

12.8%

9.8%

13.5%

  Louisiana

 523,346

12.2%

5.4%

13.9%

  Maine

 192,639

14.6%

11.1%

10.3%

  Maryland

 650,568

11.6%

12.6%

8.2%

  Massachusetts

 855,962

13.3%

-0.4%

9.3%

  Michigan

 1,260,864

12.5%

5.7%

8.7%

  Minnesota

 627,394

12.1%

8.7%

8.1%

  Mississippi

 362,172

12.4%

8.7%

15.7%

  Missouri

 778,891

13.3%

5.0%

10.3%

  Montana

 130,592

13.8%

12.6%

8.9%

  Nebraska

 234,655

13.3%

2.6%

9.5%

  Nevada

 276,943

11.1%

51.0%

7.2%

  New Hampshire

 162,629

12.4%

16.5%

7.9%

  New Jersey

 1,127,742

12.9%

2.6%

8.2%

  New Mexico

 242,600

12.4%

28.3%

13.0%

  New York

 2,522,686

13.1%

3.6%

12.1%

  North Carolina

 1,076,951

12.2%

17.4%

11.2%

  North Dakota

  92,874

14.6%

-0.5%

11.0%

  Ohio

 1,531,994

13.3%

2.3%

8.5%

  Oklahoma

 473,545

13.2%

6.3%

10.1%

  Oregon

 478,180

12.9%

11.3%

8.5%

  Pennsylvania

 1,885,323

15.2%

-1.4%

8.9%

  Rhode Island

 147,966

13.9%

-5.3%

8.9%

  South Carolina

 553,396

12.8%

23.8%

12.0%

  South Dakota

 111,183

14.2%

5.4%

12.5%

  Tennessee

 769,222

12.7%

15.3%

13.4%

  Texas

 2,334,459

9.9%

19.7%

12.3%

  Utah

 225,539

8.8%

28.7%

6.7%

  Vermont

  82,966

13.3%

16.4%

9.4%

  Virginia

 887,768

11.6%

18.8%

9.2%

  Washington

 738,369

11.5%

15.2%

8.8%

  West Virginia

 278,692

15.3%

0.4%

10.5%

  Wisconsin

 724,034

13.0%

5.6%

8.3%

  Wyoming

  62,750

12.2%

16.2%

6.1%

Puerto Rico

503,884

12.8%

--

43.6%

(Source:  Population data is from Census Bureau 2006 Population Estimates.  Poverty data is from the 2006 American Community Survey.)


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AoA - Statistics - A Profile of Older Americans 2007 - Income