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A Profile of Older Americans: 2005

Geographic Distribution

The proportion of the older persons in the population varies considerably by state with some states experiencing much greater growth in their older populations (Figures 4 and 5). In 2004, about half (52%) of persons 65+ lived in nine states. California had over 3.8 million; Florida 2.9 million; New York 2.5 million; Texas 2.2 million; and Pennsylvania 1.9 million. Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, and New Jersey each had well over 1 million (Figure 6).

Person 65+ constituted approximately 14% or more of the total population in 8 states in 2004 (Figure 6): Florida (16.8%); West Virginia (15.3%); Pennsylvania (15.3%); North Dakota (14.7%); Iowa (14.7%); Maine (14.4); South Dakota (14.2); and Rhode Island (13.9%). In eight states, the 65+ population increased by 20% or more between 1994 and 2004 (Figure 6): Nevada (58.1%); Alaska (47.9%); Arizona (30.9%); New Mexico (26.4%); Colorado (22.2%); Delaware (22.2%); Utah (22.1%); and Idaho (20.9%). The ten jurisdictions with the highest poverty rates for elderly over the period 2002-2004 were Mississippi (17.2%); Arkansas (16.2%); Texas (15.0%); South Carolina (13.9%); the District of Columbia (13.8%); New York (13.6%); Louisiana (13.1%); North Carolina (13.0%); Alabama (12.8%); and New Mexico (12.4%).

Most persons 65+ lived in metropolitan areas in 2003 (77.4%). About 50% of older persons lived in the suburbs, 27.2% lived in central cities, and 22.6% lived in nonmetropolitan areas.

The elderly are less likely to change residence than other age groups. During the year 2004 only 4.4% of older persons moved as opposed to 14.3% of the under 65 population. Most older movers (53.7%) stayed in the same county and 76.0% remained in the same state. Only 24% (of the movers) moved to out-of-state. However, five year Census migration data from 1995-2000 show that the 85+ segment of the older population had a higher rate of moving over time. During that five year period, 32.3% of the 85+ population moved (as opposed to 22.8% of the overall 65+ population), 61.1% of them within the same county.

(Data for this section and for Figure 4 were compiled primarily from the Census Population Estimates for 2004 as well as other Internet releases of the U.S. Bureau of the Census including tables from the March 2004 Current Population Survey and “Internal Migration of the Older Population: 1995 to 2000,” Census 2000 Special Report, CENSR-10, August 2003).

Figure 4: Persons 65+ as a Percentage of Total Population - 2004

Figure 4: Persons 65 and older as a percentage of the total population in 2004.  Between 13.6 and 16.9 percent Hawaii, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, Arkansas, Florida, West Virgina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Maine.  With between 13.1 and 13.6 percent Nebraska, Oklahoma, Missouri, Alabama, Ohio, Delaware, Connecticut, and Massachusetts.  With between 12.4 and 13.1 percent Oregon, Arizona, Kansas, Wisconsin, Kentucky, Tennessee, New Jersey, New York, and Vermont. With between 11.7 and 12.4 percent Wyoming, New Mexico, Minnesota, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Mississippi, South Carolina, North Carolina, and New Hampshire.  With between 6.3 and 11.7 percent Alaska, California, Washington, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Texas, Louisiana, Georgia, Virginia and Maryland.

Based on Census 2004 Population Estimates from the U.S. Bureau of the Census


 

Figure 5: Percentage Increase in Population 65+ -- 1994 to 2004

Figure 5: Percentage Increase in the Population 65 and older between 1994 and 2004.  Between 18.6 and 58.1 percent Alaska, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, Georgia, South Carolina, and Delaware. With between 13.1 and 18.6 Hawaii, Washington, Wyoming, Texas, North Carolina, Virginia, Vermont and New Hampshire. With between 6.7 and 13.1 percent California, Oregon, Montana, Minnesota, Louisiana, Alabama, Florida, Tennessee, Kentucky, Maryland, and Maine.  With between 2.8 and 6.7 percent South Dakota, Oklahoma, Missouri, Arkansas, Mississippi, Wisconsin, Michigan, Indiana, NewJersey, and New Yorik.With between -12.4 and 2.8 percent North Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Iowa, Illinois, Ohio, West Virgina, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts.

 


Figure 6: The 65+ Population by State - 2004

Numbers

Number of Persons

Percent of All Ages

Percent Increase from 1994 to 2004

Percent Below Poverty 2002-2004

US Total (50 States + DC)

36,293,985

12.4%

9.3%

10.2%

Alabama

597,959

13.2%

8.5%

12.8%

Alaska

41,887

6.4%

47.9%

7.7%

Arizona

732,071

12.7%

30.9%

7.1%

Arkansas

381,106

13.8%

6.0%

16.2%

California

3,822,957

10.7%

12.7%

8.2%

Colorado

450,971

9.8%

22.2%

9.5%

Connecticut

473,693

13.5%

2.2%

6.4%

Delaware

108,961

13.1%

22.2%

5.7%

District of Columbia

67,171

12.1%

-12.4%

13.8%

Florida

2,927,583

16.8%

13.1%

9.6%

Georgia

847,082

9.6%

19.6%

9.6%

Hawaii

172,008

13.6%

18.6%

9.3%

Idaho

158,695

11.4%

20.9%

5.2%

Illinois

1,520,629

12.0%

2.1%

8.7%

Indiana

772,010

12.4%

5.8%

7.6%

Iowa

433,139

14.7%

-0.1%

8.8%

Kansas

354,579

13.0%

0.4%

9.2%

Kentucky

519,327

12.5%

7.4%

11.8%

Louisiana

527,644

11.7%

7.6%

13.1%

Maine

189,751

14.4%

10.6%

10.6%

Maryland

634,743

11.4%

13.0%

10.7%

Massachusetts

854,343

13.3%

0.1%

12.0%

Michigan

1,246,595

12.3%

5.0%

9.1%

Minnesota

615,179

12.1%

7.7%

8.5%

Mississippi

352,867

12.2%

6.7%

17.5%

Missouri

765,692

13.3%

3.4%

7.9%

Montana

126,549

13.7%

11.9%

10.2%

Nebraska

231,803

13.3%

1.6%

10.7%

Nevada

262,079

11.2%

58.1%

8.2%

New Hampshire

156,672

12.1%

15.7%

7.2%

New Jersey

1,126,141

12.9%

4.0%

9.4%

New Mexico

229,474

12.1%

26.4%

12.4%

New York

2,492,816

13.0%

3.6%

13.6%

North Carolina

1,032,249

12.1%

16.3%

13.0%

North Dakota

93,171

14.7%

-0.1%

9.5%

Ohio

1,524,916

13.3%

2.8%

7.7%

Oklahoma

464,440

13.2%

5.4%

11.3%

Oregon

459,821

12.8%

9.1%

5.8%

Pennsylvania

1,896,503

15.3%

-0.3%

8.4%

Rhode Island

150,587

13.9%

-2.8%

10.6%

South Carolina

520,392

12.4%

19.5%

13.9%

South Dakota

109,493

14.2%

4.2%

11.4%

Tennessee

738,053

12.5%

13.0%

12.2%

Texas

2,216,610

9.9%

18.4%

15.0%

Utah

207,711

8.7%

22.1%

6.7%

Vermont

80,762

13.0%

15.6%

7.0%

Virginia

846,921

11.4%

17.0%

10.4%

Washington

703,145

11.3%

13.3%

8.8%

West Virginia

278,354

15.3%

0.7%

10.3%

Wisconsin

715,568

13.0%

5.4%

8.2%

Wyoming

61,113

12.1%

17.5%

7.5%

Population data is from Census Bureau Population Estimates.  Poverty data is from the 2002, 2003, and 2004 figures of the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.

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Last Modified: 12/31/1600