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A Profile of Older Americans: 2004

Geographic Distribution

The proportion of the older persons in the population varies considerably by state with some states experiencing much greater growth in their older populations (Figures 4 and 5). In 2003, about half (52%) of persons 65+ lived in nine states. California had over 3.8 million; Florida 2.9 million; New York 2.5 million; Texas 2.2 million; and Pennsylvania 1.9 million.  Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, and New Jersey each had well over 1 million (Figure 6).

Person 65+ constituted approximately 14% or more of the total population in 9 states in 2003 (Figure 6): Florida (17.0%); Pennsylvania (15.4%); West Virginia (15.3%); North Dakota (14.8%); Iowa (14.7%); Maine (14.4); South Dakota (14.3); Rhode Island (14.0%); and Arkansas (13.9%). In nine states, the 65+ population increased by 20% or more between 1993 and 2003 (Figure 6): Nevada (60.5% ); Alaska (50.3% ); Arizona (32.4% ); New Mexico (27.1% ); Colorado (22.8% ); Utah (22.5% ); Delaware (22.4% ); Hawaii (20.9% ); and Idaho (20.6% ). The ten jurisdictions with the highest poverty rates for elderly over the period 2001-2003 were Mississippi (17.1%); the District of Columbia (16.0%); Arkansas (15.7%); Texas (15.1%); South Carolina (14.6%); North Carolina (13.7%); Massachusetts (13.0%); Tennessee (12.8%); Alabama (12.6%); and New York (12.6%).

Most persons 65+ lived in metropolitan areas in 2003 (77.4%). About 50% of older persons lived in the suburbs, 27.2% lived in central cities, and 22.6% lived in nonmetropolitan areas.

The elderly are less likely to change residence than other age groups. In the five year period from 1995 to 2000, 22.8% of older persons had moved (compared to 47.7% of persons under 65). Most older movers (59.7%) stayed in the same county while only 18.8% (of the movers) moved to another state. The 85+ segment of the older population had a much high rate of moving. During this period, 32.3% of the 85+ population moved, 61.1% of them within the same county.

(Data for this section and for Figure 4 were compiled primarily from the Census Population Estimates for 2003 as well as other Internet releases of the U.S. Bureau of the Census including tables from the March 2003 Current Population Survey and “Internal Migration of the Older Population: 1995 to 2000,” Census 2000 Special Report, CENSR-10, August 2003).

Figure 4: Persons 65+ as a Percentage of Total Population  - 2003

 

Figure 4: Persons 65 and older as a percentage of the total population in 2003.  Between 13.5 and 17.0 percent are Maine, Rhode Island Connecticut, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Florida, Arkansas, Iowa, North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana.  With between 13.1 and 13.4 percent Hawaii, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Missouri, Alabama, Ohio, Massachusetts.  With between 12.4 and 13.0 percent Oregon, Arizona, Kansas, Wisconsin, Kentucky, Tennessee, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Vermont. With between 11.8 and 12.3 Wyoming, New Mexico, Minnesota, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Mississippi, South Carolina, North Carolina, and New Hampshire. With between 6.2 and 11.7 Alaska, California, Washington, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Texas, Louisiana, Georgia, Virgina and Maryland.  

Based on Census 2003 Population Estimates from the U.S. Bureau of the Census

 
The percent increase in the 65 and loder population between 1993 and 2003.  Between 19.9 and 60.5 Alaska, Hawaii, Nevada, Arizona, Utah, Idaho, Colorado, New Mexico, South Carolina and Deleware. With between 13.2 and 19.8 Washington, Wyoming, Texa, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, Virgina, Maryland, Vermont and New Hampshire.  With between 6.1 and 13.1 California, Oregon, Montana, Minnesota, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Maine.  With between 0.3 and 6.0 South Dakota, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, Wisconsin, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, New Jersey, and New York.  With between -12.0 and 0.02 North Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Iowa, Illinois, West Virgina, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts.
Figure 5:  Percentage Increase in Population 65+ -- 1993 to 2003

 

Based on Census 1993 and 2003 Population Estimates from the U.S. Bureau of the Census

 

Figure 6: The 65+ Population by State 2003

Numbers

Number of Persons

Percent of All Ages

Increase from 1993 to 2003

Percent Below Poverty 2001-2003

US Total (50 States + DC)

35,919,174

12.4%

9.5%

10.3%

Alabama

592,181

13.2%

8.6%

12.6%

Alaska

40,598

6.3%

50.3%

7.9%

Arizona

714,467

12.8%

32.4%

6.5%

Arkansas

377,682

13.9%

5.4%

15.7%

California

3,764,870

10.6%

12.8%

8.6%

Colorado

441,371

9.7%

22.8%

9.0%

Connecticut

470,689

13.5%

2.2%

6.2%

Delaware

106,896

13.1%

22.4%

5.6%

District of Columbia

67,845

12.0%

-11.9%

16.0%

Florida

2,897,383

17.0%

14.3%

10.2%

Georgia

826,506

9.5%

18.7%

12.4%

Hawaii

169,346

13.5%

20.9%

8.8%

Idaho

155,652

11.4%

20.6%

5.4%

Illinois

1,507,377

11.9%

1.8%

8.2%

Indiana

763,059

12.3%

5.3%

8.0%

Iowa

433,618

14.7%

0.1%

8.7%

Kansas

353,585

13.0%

0.5%

8.6%

Kentucky

512,381

12.4%

6.4%

10.3%

Louisiana

524,348

11.7%

7.8%

12.4%

Maine

188,385

14.4%

10.6%

10.5%

Maryland

624,980

11.3%

13.2%

9.9%

Massachusetts

856,982

13.3%

0.9%

13.0%

Michigan

1,236,501

12.3%

5.4%

9.0%

Minnesota

609,396

12.0%

7.6%

9.1%

Mississippi

349,407

12.1%

6.1%

17.1%

Missouri

759,980

13.3%

3.0%

8.0%

Montana

125,160

13.6%

12.2%

10.8%

Nebraska

232,387

13.4%

2.3%

10.0%

Nevada

250,787

11.2%

60.5%

8.2%

New Hampshire

154,174

12.0%

15.9%

7.0%

New Jersey

1,123,842

13.0%

4.8%

9.3%

New Mexico

225,266

12.0%

27.1%

12.2%

New York

2,488,959

13.0%

3.9%

12.6%

North Carolina

1,016,214

12.1%

17.0%

13.7%

North Dakota

93,837

14.8%

0.8%

10.5%

Ohio

1,516,771

13.3%

3.0%

7.7%

Oklahoma

461,133

13.1%

5.3%

11.8%

Oregon

453,568

12.7%

9.0%

6.4%

Pennsylvania

1,901,764

15.4%

0.4%

9.0%

Rhode Island

150,797

14.0%

-2.3%

11.4%

South Carolina

511,732

12.3%

19.9%

14.6%

South Dakota

109,040

14.3%

4.3%

10.9%

Tennessee

726,683

12.4%

12.3%

12.8%

Texas

2,175,256

9.8%

18.3%

15.1%

Utah

203,007

8.6%

22.5%

8.4%

Vermont

80,132

12.9%

16.1%

8.9%

Virginia

833,427

11.3%

17.2%

10.0%

Washington

690,583

11.3%

13.3%

8.3%

West Virginia

277,220

15.3%

0.4%

10.1%

Wisconsin

711,987

13.0%

5.5%

7.8%

Wyoming

59,963

12.0%

17.7%

7.7%

 

Population data is from the Census Bureau Population Estimates and poverty data is from the Current Population Survey, 2001, 2002, and 2003 Annual Social and Economic Supplements.

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