Late Life Domestic Violence
Domestic violence, also called intimate partner violence, describes physical violence, sexual violence, stalking and psychological aggression (including coercive acts) by a current or former intimate partner and can occur across the lifespan to victims of all ages, including older adults. An intimate partner is a person with whom one has a close personal relationship that can be characterized by: emotional connectedness and regular contact; ongoing physical contact and sexual behavior; identity as a couple; and familiarity and knowledge about each other’s lives. Perpetrators include spouses and former spouses, current or former partners, or another individual with whom the victim has an ongoing, personal relationship. The problem occurs in all communities, and affects people regardless of socioeconomic status, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or gender identity. Although most victims are female, men can be harmed, too.
Generally, abusers use a pattern of coercive tactics, such as isolation, threats, intimidation, manipulation, and violence, to gain and maintain power over their victims. Often they tell their victims where they can go, whom they can see, and how they can spend their money—in other words, control their decisions. Some abusers use their role and power to financially exploit their victims. Others feel that they are entitled to get their way because they are the “head of the household,” or because they are younger and physically stronger than their victim is.
Some experts view late life domestic violence as a sub-set of the larger elder abuse problem. Elder abuse, broadly defined, includes physical, sexual and emotional abuse, financial exploitation, neglect and self-neglect, and abandonment. The distinctive context of domestic violence in later life is the abusive use of power and control by a spouse/partner or other person known to the victim in a close, personal way. The domestic violence and aging networks are encouraged not to try to draw fine lines between the two service systems. That is, not to try to answer, “Is this domestic violence?”, or, “Is this elder abuse?” Rather, efforts should be made to maximize the capacity of both systems by partnering to meet older victims' unique needs.
To learn more about the relationship between elder abuse and domestic violence, please read the National Center on Elder Abuse (NCEA) issue brief “Late Life Domestic Violence: What the Aging Network Needs to Know (PDF).”
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Resources and Links
More about Domestic Violence in Later Life
For Help with Domestic Violence
If you or someone you know has experienced domestic violence as an older adult, you are not alone. The resources listed below are great places to start your journey towards safety, hope and healing. Many of these national organizations can guide you to more in-depth and knowledgeable resources in your community and surrounding areas.
Federal Domestic Violence Resources
Elder Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation General Information
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Global Elder Abuse & Violence against Older Women
Thanks to World Elder Abuse Awareness Day, we know that violence, abuse and neglect experienced by older adults, including those with disabilities, is a global human rights and public health challenge. In addition to working towards preventing and responding to elder abuse in the United States, ACL contributes to international dialogue on global elder abuse and violence against older women through lending technical expertise to partners in the U.S. State Department, HHS Office of Global Affairs, and multilateral organizations.
- HHS Office of Global Affairs: The HHS Office of Global Affairs promotes the health and well-being of Americans and of the world’s population by advancing HHS’s global strategies and partnerships and working with USG agencies in the coordination of global health policy, including dialogue with the World Health Organization on violence against women across the life cycle and elder abuse.
- U.S. Strategy to Prevent & Respond to Gender-Based Violence Globally: To further advance its commitment to gender equality and women’s empowerment, the Obama Administration has developed this strategy to prevent and respond more effectively to gender-based violence globally. The purpose of the strategy is to establish a government-wide approach that identifies, coordinates, integrates, and leverages current efforts and resources. Elder abuse and violence against women and girls across the life cycle are included in this strategy.
- U.S. Department of State Office of Global Women’s Issues: The Secretary's Office of Global Women's Issues seeks to ensure that women’s issues are fully integrated in the formulation and conduct of U.S. foreign policy. The Office works to promote stability, peace, and development by empowering women and girls of all ages politically, socially, and economically around the world.
Learn More about Global Elder Abuse & Violence against Older Women
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