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A Profile of Older Americans: 2010

Geographic Distribution

The proportion of older persons in the population varies considerably by state with some states experiencing much greater growth in their older populations (Figures 4 and 5). In 2009, over half (56.5%) of persons 65+ lived in 11 states: California (4.1 million; Florida (3.2 million); New York (2.6 million); Texas (2.5 million); Pennsylvania (1.9 million) and Illinois, Ohio, Michigan, North Carolina, New Jersey, and Georgia each had well over 1 million (Figure 6).

Persons 65+ constituted approximately 14% or more of the total population in 13 states in 2009 (Figure 6): Florida (17.2%); West Virginia (15.8%); Maine (15.6%); Pennsylvania (15.4%); Iowa (14.8%); North Dakota (14.7%); Montana (14.6%); Hawaii (14.5%); South Dakota (14.5%); Vermont (14.5%); Arkansas (14.3%); Delaware (14.3%); and Rhode Island (14.3%). In 11 states, the 65+ population increased by 25% or more between 1999 and 2009 (Figure 6): Alaska (52.1 %); Nevada (47.9 %); Arizona (37.9 %); Utah (35.3 %); Georgia (33.3 %); Idaho (32.0 %); South Carolina (31.7 %); Colorado (30.9 %); New Mexico (30.7 %); Delaware (29.1 %); Texas (25.9 %). The ten jurisdictions with the highest poverty rates for elderly during 2009 were: Mississippi (15.0%); District of Columbia (14.6%); Kentucky (12.7%); Louisiana (12.4%); New Mexico (12.2%); Arkansas (12.0%); Georgia (11.9%); Texas (11.8%); North Dakota (11.5%); New York (11.3%).

Most persons 65+ lived in metropolitan areas in 2009 (80.6%). About 72% of these older persons lived outside the principal cities and 28% lived in principal cities. Also, 19% of older persons lived in nonmetropolitan areas.

The elderly are less likely to change residence than other age groups. From 2008 to 2009, only 3.4% of older persons moved as opposed to 13.8% of the under 65 population. Most older movers (62.7%) stayed in the same county and 83.7% remained in the same state. Only 16.3% of the movers moved out-of-state.

(Data for this section and for Figures 4-6 were compiled primarily from the Census Population Estimates for 2009 as well as other Internet releases of the U.S. Census Bureau including tables from the March 2009 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement and the 2009 American Community Survey)

Figure 4 is a state map of the US showing the percent of persons over 65 in the population of each state.  This data may be found in the table Figure 6

Figure 5 is a US state map showing the percent increase from 1999 to 2009 in the older population of each state.  The data may be found in the table in Figure 6.

Figure 6: The 65+ Population by State 2009

Numbers

Number of Persons 65 and Older

Percent of All Ages

Percent Increase from 1999 to 2009

Percent Below Poverty 2009

US Total (50 States + DC)

38,869,716

12.9%

14.6%

8.9%

Alabama

651,049

13.8%

14.6%

11.3%

Alaska

52,849

7.6%

52.1%

3.2%

Arizona

866,734

13.1%

37.9%%

8.4%

Arkansas

413,681

14.3%

14.5%

12.0%

California

4,148,055

11.2%

13.7%

8.76%

Colorado

533,580

10.6%

30.9%

8.6%

Connecticut

488,055

13.9%

4.2%

6.4%

Delaware

126,693

14.3%

29.1%

6.5%

District of Columbia

70,184

11.7%

-2.7%

14.6%

Florida

3,195,841

17.2%

16.6%

10.2%

Georgia

1,014,814

10.3%

33.3%

11.9%

Hawaii

188,180

14.5%

16.2%

7.3%

Idaho

187,418

12.1%

32.0%

8.3%

Illinois

1,594,473

12.4%

6.6%

8.7%

Indiana

828,591

12.9%

11.5%

7.9%

Iowa

444,294

14.8%

3.7%

7.3%

Kansas

367,546

13.0%

3.8%

7.8%

Kentucky

570,336

13.2%

15.7%

12.7%

Louisiana

554,296

12.3%

10.5%

12.4%

Maine

205,617

15.6%

17.3%

8.8%

Maryland

694,796

12.2%

16.4%

7.9%

Massachusetts

894,514

13.6%

4.0%

8.8%

Michigan

1,339,772

13.4%

9.5%

8.5%

Minnesota

671,055

12.7%

14.6%

8.6%

Mississippi

376,913

12.8%

12.3%

15.0%

Missouri

822,425

13.7%

10.3%

8.6%

Montana

141,903

14.6%

21.0%

8.7%

Nebraska

240,630

13.4%

5.4%

7.8%

Nevada

306,843

11.6%

47.9%

7.5%

New Hampshire

179,247

13.5%

24.0%

6.7%

New Jersey

1,173,024

13.5%

5.8%

7.9%

New Mexico

261,342

13.0%

30.7%

12.2%

New York

2,619,755

13.4%

7.8%

11.3%

North Carolina

1,192,025

12.7%

24.8%

10.0%

North Dakota

94,870

14.7%

2.7%

11.5%

Ohio

1,605,316

13.9%

6.9%

8.4%

Oklahoma

495,962

13.5%

10.5%

9.5%

Oregon

516,862

13.5%

18.8%

8.4%

Pennsylvania

1,946,266

15.4%

2.5%

8.5%

Rhode Island

150,596

14.3%

-2.4%

9.1%

South Carolina

623,223

13.7%

31.7%

11.2%

South Dakota

117,732

14.5%

11.7%

10.6%

Tennessee

840,953

13.4%

23.4%

11.1%

Texas

2,539,215

10.2%

25.9%

11.8%

Utah

251,159

9.0%

35.3%

7.4%

Vermont

89,911

14.5%

23.3%

7.8%

Virginia

960,090

12.2%

23.9%

8.2%

Washington

806,202

12.1%

22.7%

7.7%

West Virginia

287,557

15.8%

5.4%

10.3%

Wisconsin

761,279

13.5%

10.1%

7.7%

Wyoming

66,867

12.3%

20.2%

6.4%

Puerto Rico

559,403

14.1%

N/A

40.1%

(Source: Population data is from the U.S. Census Bureau 2009 Population Estimates. State level poverty data is from the Census 2009 American Community Survey. National level poverty data is from the 2010 Current Population Survey/American Social and Economic Supplement.)

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