A Statistical Profile of Hispanic Older Americans Aged 65+
In 2014, there were 46.2 million Americans aged 65 and over and 6.2 million aged 85 and over. The number of people aged 65 and older is expected to more than double by 2060 to 98.2 million and the number of people aged 85 and older is expected to triple to 19.7 million. Among the population age 65 and over, there are 127 women for every 100 men. At age 85 and over this ratio increases to 192 women for every 100 men. All Americans are living longer and the same is true for the Hispanic population.
The Older Hispanic Population: Past, Present, and Future
The Hispanic older population (of any race) was 3.6 million in 2014 and is projected to grow to 21.5 million by 2060. In 2014, Hispanics made up 8% of the older population. By 2060, the percentage of the older population that is Hispanic is projected to be 22%.
In 2014, there were 5,272 Hispanics age 100 years and over (1,397 men and 3,875 women). They comprised 7% of all centenarians.
In 2013, almost 70% (2,312,653) of older Hispanics lived in just four states: California (886,636), Texas (633,534), Florida (502,453), and New York (290,030).
The past decade has seen a significant increase in educational attainment among older Americans, including Hispanics. In 2014, 54% of the Hispanic population aged 65 and older had finished high school and 12% had a bachelor’s degree or higher. In 1998, only 29% of Hispanic elderly were high school graduates and 5% had a bachelor’s degree or higher. Nonetheless, there are still educational differences among racial and ethnic groups. In 2014, 84% of all older persons were high school graduates and 26% had a bachelor’s degree or higher.
In 2014, 52% of older Hispanics were married, 24% were widowed, 11% were divorced, 6% were separated, and 7% had never been married.
In 2013, 69% of older Hispanic men lived with their spouses, 12% lived with other relatives, 5% lived with non-relatives, and 14% lived alone. For older Hispanic women, 39% lived with their spouses, 33% lived with other relatives, 2% lived with non-relatives, and 26% lived alone.
Income and Poverty
Households containing families headed by Hispanics age 65 and over reported a median income in 2013 of $44,228. The comparable figure for all older households was $54,184. The median personal income for older Hispanic men was $15,240 and $11,255 for older Hispanic women. The comparable figures for all older persons were $29,854 for men and $17,366 for women. The poverty rate in 2013 for Hispanics age 65 and over was 20.4% which is double the rate for all older Americans (10.2%). (*Income and poverty estimates are based on redesigned income questions from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement.)
Self-Rated Health Status
During 2011-2013, 33% of older Hispanic men and 27% of older Hispanic women reported very good/excellent health. Among older non-Hispanic whites, this figure was 45% for men and
47% for women. Positive health evaluations decline with age. Among Hispanic men ages 65-74, 34% reported very good/excellent health, compared with 23% among those aged 85 or older. Similarly, among Hispanic women, this rate declined from 31% at ages 65-74 to 19% at age 85 or older.
Most older persons have at least one chronic condition and many have multiple conditions. Some of the most frequently occurring conditions among older Hispanics in 2011-2013 were: hypertension (75% in 2009-2012), diagnosed arthritis (45%), all types of heart disease (25%), diagnosed diabetes (27% in 2009-2012), and cancer (12%). The comparable figures for all older persons were: hypertension (71% in 2009-2012), diagnosed arthritis (49%), all types of heart disease (31%), diagnosed diabetes (21% in 2009-2012), and cancer (25%).
Access to Medical Care
In 2013, 23% of older Hispanics had both Medicare and supplementary private health insurance and 17% were covered by both Medicare and Medicaid. In comparison, almost 50% of all older adults had both Medicare and supplementary private health insurance and 6% were covered by both Medicare and Medicaid. In 2011-2013, 7% of older Hispanics reported they had no usual source of health care compared with 4% of all older Americans.
Participation in Older Americans Act (OAA) Programs
In 2013, State and Area Agencies on Aging provided services to a total of 11.1 million persons aged 60 and older. Consistent with the targeting requirements of the OAA, State and Area Agencies on Aging placed considerable emphasis on services to persons with the greatest social and economic need, including members of racial and ethnic minority groups, especially those who are poor. Among the older persons who received Title III OAA home and community-based registered services, 8% were Hispanic.
Principal sources of data for this Profile are the most current information available from the U.S. Census Bureau and the National Center for Health Statistics as of September 30, 2015..
A handout with this information is available for download: A Statistical Profile of Older Hispanic Americans (PDF, 221KB)
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